Posts tagged under Downloads

Bulletin 24: The foreign worker dilemma

By Johannes Loh, on April 21st, 2014

In the last decade, much of Southeast Asia has witnessed tremendous economic growth, often concentrated in the major cities. This economic success can be seen in flashy new business districts, towering skyscrapers and gleaming condominiums. To realize these massive developments and to maximise profits, businesses turned to cheap migrant labour.

Jobs in so called 3-D’s industries (Dirty, Dangerous, Degrading) in the more prosperous counties in Southeast Asia have seen labour shortages due to dwindling numbers of native workers willing to take on these challenging assignments.

ATM 24 cover Bulletin 24: The foreign worker dilemma picture

This business model is not new; however, in the last decade the number of foreign workers has shot up in an attempt to fill such labour shortages and keep up impressive GDP growth. A major pull factor for migrant workers is the wage discrepancy between lowskill jobs in their home countries vis-a-vis the booming economies in the region.

Download ATM Bulletin #24 (Screen)

The High Resolution Version (for Print)

These unprecedented inflows of foreign labour have brought the question of social and economic policies regulating working conditions and safeguarding migrant workers’ rights on the political agenda in Southeast Asia’s booming economies.

This Asian Trends Monitoring Bulletin takes a closer look at the situation of migrant workers in Thailand and Singapore, with a specific emphasis on one of the most common professions among migrants: construction.

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Bulletin 23: A storm is brewing… Is Asia ready?

By Johannes Loh, on March 4th, 2014

Southeast Asia is highly vulnerable to the effects of climate change, it is located at the edge of a massive landmass in between large oceans; and over 50% of the population still depends on climate sensitive sectors such as agriculture. The effects are already being felt; typhoons in the Philippines are now four times more frequent, sea levels are rising and floods are one of the top concerns for cities in the region.

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How is a region that is undergoing rapid urbanization while being home to 60% of the world’s indigenous people adapting to climate change? Successful adaptation strategies have a multidimensional approach: institutions, infrastructure and community should all be considered for building true resilience.

Nonetheless, a multidimensional strategy requires significant resources and coordination; as it is shown in this bulletin, such strategies are still not the norm.

Download ATM Bulletin 23 (4.1 MB)

Or get the High resolution 19.2 MB for print.



What’s inside Bulletin #23?

  • Overview of Climate Change in Southeast Asia
  • Fighting against the forces of nature?
  • The Storm is coming: Adaptation Trends in Southeast Asia
  • Adapt or Drown!
  • Navigating the urban hierarchy

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Bulletin 22: Urban Poverty and Health in Asia

By Johannes Loh, on November 15th, 2013

ATM Bulletin 22 preview 300x206 Bulletin 22: Urban Poverty and Health in Asia picturePublic health in urban areas has been and will continue to be affected by global population trends. More than 50% of Southeast Asia’s total population is projected to be living in urban areas by 2025, which will exert additional pressure on urban health systems.

In general, public resources can be concentrated at lower cost in cities, which is effective in public health interventions through basic primary health care like immunization, clean water and waste disposal.

However, as this bulletin will demonstrate, these improvements in public health are not equitably accessible to all parts of society. Even major cities in the region such as Jakarta and Manila have large slums that are deprived of healthy living conditions. Not only are health centres difficult to access, the most basic amenities such as sanitation and piped water are also scarce.

Download ATM Bulletin 22 (3.4 MB) (right click save as… High resolution 16.7 MB)


What’s inside Bulletin #22?

  • Urban Poverty and Health in Asia
  • Protecting the health of Asia’s Urban Poor
  • Healthcare-seeking behaviour in slums
  • The unhealthy impacts of poor water and sanitation
  • Unregistered and excluded: the government healthcare problem

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Bulletin 21: Financial Inclusion for Asia’s Poor

By Johannes Loh, on September 16th, 2013
ATM 21 Cover preview Bulletin 21: Financial Inclusion for Asias Poor picture

Click on the image to download the full Bulletin (PDF)

One look at Asia’s skylines and the casual observer gets the impression that Asia is truly rising. The top ten financial centres in Singapore, Hong Kong, Tokyo, Shanghai and Taipei, followed by Kuala Lumpur, Mumbai, Bangkok, Beijing and Seoul tell a story of rapid growth and new wealth. However, with 1.5 billion people without access to conventional financial services, Asia is also home to the majority of the world’s unbanked.

In the East Asia and Pacific region alone, 55% of the population is unbanked. It is estimated that the total number of people without access to banking services is between 2.2 and 2.5 billion people.

Download ATM Bulletin 21 (2.8 MB) (right click save as… High resolution 16.7 MB)


 What’s inside Bulletin #21?

  • A moral imperative for action
  • Evidence from the ATM survey on urban poverty
  • Facilitating finance in slums
  • Destitute poverty: the final financial frontier
  • Outlook: the future of financial inclusion

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Bulletin 20: Educating the Urban Poor

By Johannes Loh, on August 1st, 2013
ATM 20 cover preview Bulletin 20: Educating the Urban Poor picture

Bulletin 20: Educating the Urban Poor

Education is a vital tool for breaking the vicious cycle of poverty. Indeed, it is often claimed that educated children will be able to earn more money in the long run, eventually lifting the entire family out of poverty. This, in turn, leads to the future generations being better educated and able to enhance the financial well-being of families and communities. However, reality is rarely that simple. A 2006 OECD report on education notes that economic and social disadvantages are equally important elements to consider as they can severely hamper the educational experience of learners. While social disadvantages influence test scores and educational achievements in the developed world, in the developing countries of Southeast Asia, economic and social disadvantages are severe impediments to even accessing and attending school.

Download ATM Bulletin 20 (right click save as… 6 MB)

Read it online 

Despite efforts by nearly all governments across Southeast Asia to provide access to free education until secondary level, there remain several stumbling blocks that lead to low enrollment rates and unsatisfactory educational outcomes. For example, there are often additional costs beyond the tuition expenses, including the opportunity cost of foregone income from the child working to support a parents business or engage in independent economic activity. Poor service delivery represents another problem, where subsidies and other forms of assistance do not reach the poorest households.

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Asian Trends Monitoring Bulletin Library 2013

By Johannes Loh, on July 1st, 2013

Bulletin 19: Vientiane: Poor But Different

By chris, on January 2nd, 2013
ATM 19 cover 2 Bulletin 19: Vientiane: Poor But Different picture

Vientiane is the capital of Laos

Among the cities that the ATM team researched this year, Vientiane stood out for its small population and its close integration to the surrounding rural communities. Vientiane, the capital of Lao People’s Democratic Republic, is the second smallest ASEAN capital after Bandar Seri Begawan of Brunei Darussalam. It has a population of 700,000 people, which is tiny compared to 23 million in the Greater Jakarta Area, Manila (16.3 million), or Hanoi (6.5 million).

Despite being small and relatively underdeveloped, Vientiane has grown rapidly in the last few years. The economy is booming with a growth of 8% per year, and the country is set to join the World Trade Organisation in 2013. However, the growth is not distributed equitably with mining, forestry, hydro and tourism as the major drivers of the economy.

The poor are often left on the side lines, suffering from a lack of infrastructure and inaccessible services. The field interviews and case studies in this bulletin illustrate the tremendous challenges Vientiane’s administrators are faced with. In this bulletin we look into the following issues:

    • wide service gaps for the poor, specifically in the areas of health and education;

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ATM Urban Poverty Series

By Johannes Loh, on December 27th, 2012

In 2012, we traveled to four cities and conducted a survey on the challenges for the urban poor. The result are four bulletins containing primary data and case studies from the field.

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Jakarta’s Poor – Strategies for protecting migrants
Manila’s Poor – Bridging service gaps
Hanoi’s Poor – Empowering Hanoi’s Poor
Vientiane – Poor, but Different

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Bulletin 18: Empowering Hanoi’s Poor

By chris, on October 12th, 2012
ATM 18 cover 1 300x191 Bulletin 18: Empowering Hanois Poor picture

Hanoi is the capital of Vietnam

The Asian Trends Monitoring team continues its reporting on the state of urban poverty in Southeast Asia. After the first two issues on Jakarta and Manila, the team now releases a bulletin on a city that is markedly different from the first two: Hanoi, Vietnam.

Unlike the more developed economies of Indonesia and the Philippines, Vietnam is very much an economy in transition. With its recent rise into the cluster of middle income countries (countries with a GDP per capita of US$1,000 or more), Vietnam has an opportunity to adjust its growth strategy to become more inclusive and lift millions of its people out of poverty. One of the best places to start would be its capital city. Hanoi, unlike Jakarta and Manila, is not quite a megacity, but it is definitely heading in that direction. Thus, Hanoi must rethink its strategies and models for service provision in order to remain inclusive and accessible throughout this period of growth.

This issue of the Asian Trends Monitoring Bulletin analyses the living conditions that Hanoi’s poor residents must contend with, and the services that are in place to assist them. More specifically, we look into the potential roles of empowerment strategies such as microfinance and social businesses as viable ways to close service gaps in cities like Hanoi.

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Bulletin 18 Infographic: Hanoi’s poor

By Taufik Indrakesuma, on October 10th, 2012
hanoi infographic snip Bulletin 18 Infographic: Hanois poor picture

A new form of poverty is emerging in Hanoi

The latest infographic from the ATM team tells a story about Hanoi, capital of Vietnam, and how it fares in its struggle to provide basic services for its people. The numbers and information in the infographic are a combination of secondary data from the World Bank, primary data from the ATM poverty profile survey, as well as information from interviews the team conducted in the field.

This infographic highlights the emerging issues that Hanoi’s poor must contend with. Although Vietnam’s GDP is growing and income levels among the poor are rising, it does not necessarily translate into improved access to services. There are several limitations to the government’s service provision capacity, which leads to things like a strict “poor list” of eligible households.

If you want to read more about poverty alleviation efforts in Hanoi, go to “Asian Trends Monitoring Bulletin 18: Empowering Hanoi’s Poor”, available online and as a PDF. In it, we discuss the different strategies for poverty alleviation that would be more effective in improving the lives of the poor without putting additional strain on the government budgets. We also conduct foresight analysis on the alternative futures of Hanoi, in order to help the people and planners in Hanoi decide what path they would like to take.

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